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Introduction to Pet CBD for Dogs

CBD For Pets & Endogenous Cannabinoid System for Canines

In canines, as well as any other species with a central nervous system, including dogs, cats, birds, lizards, etc. there is the Endogenous Cannabinoid or Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The most important notations are as follows:

CB1 Receptors

CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain and central nervous system. This includes places such as glial cells (which are apart of the brain), skin, bones, and the spleen.

CB2 Receptors

CB2 receptors are generally located in peripheral organs, especially in immune cells. CB2 receptors are also found in the brain but are also located in the vascular system (the bloodstream), the lungs (breathing), muscles (muscle control/memory), gastrointestinal tract (digestive system), and the reproductive organs.

Basics: Dog Endocannabinoid System

The endogenous cannabinoid system in canines is only slightly different than what a human has, in terms of where the receptors are located, where the biggest differences come in at size and digestive system, and this is because of the structure of the dog muscularly and organically.

CB1 receptors are in the brain primarily; This is the case with humans as well.

CB2 receptors are located throughout the body from your head to your feet. 

The dog endocannabinoid system (ECS) is regulated much in the same way that humans regulate their own cannabinoid systems, where there is a difference in weight and the line between dose and overdose differs. There are also some medicinal differences if the dog is on any prescription medication.

How much CBD do I give my pet? Weight Guide.

Single-serving dosage by pet weight

5 lb. – 10 lb.
(2.3 kg – 4.5 kg)

1mg – 5mg
full-spectrum CBD

11 lb. – 20 lb.
(5 kg – 9 kg)

2mg – 10mg
full-spectrum CBD

21 lb. – 30 lb.
(9.5 kg – 12.6 kg)

3mg – 15mg
full-spectrum CBD

Over 30 lbs.
(>12.6 kg)

4mg – 20mg
full-spectrum CBD

Disclaimer: Heartland Hemp Inc. provides this information based on spanned in-house research. All information is to be regarded as non-professional -non-medical suggestions based on common findings. These are not to be interpreted as medical fact. Monitor your pets while introducing any new substance or foods into their bodies. Full Spectrum Hemp CBD oils will not get your pet high, stoned, cause euphoria, or intoxicate your pet.

Pet Medications Warning: If your pet is on medication such as an opiate, a blood thinner, or any heart medication, only proceed with the assistance of your veterinarian, as CBD inhibits certain receptors and alters interactions that over 60% of medications used for a non-toxic entry into the body, where the introduction of CBD holds the potential to introduce toxic amounts of a drug into the system, due to CBD acting as a body functionality regulator

IMPORTANT PLEASE READ:
The chart above is a general guide line. Please start at the lowest dose and slowly work your way up if you do not see any signs of alleviation within 30 minutes. Do not hesitate to reach out to a veterinarian for assistance.

There is no currently designated toxicity point for introducing CBD into pets, however, it does not mean that it is impossible to do so. This is a very new field of study, so be sure to check back for updates when looking to use CBD for your pet. 

Dogs, CBD, and Medication Tips

What Dog Owners Are Using CBD For:

Pet owners are turning to cannabidiol, particularly full-spectrum cannabidiol CBD hemp and cannabis-derived oils that contain large ranges of cannabinoids including CBD, CBN, CBC, CBG, etc. to assist their dogs with the following major issues (see disclaimer above).

  • Anxiety
  • Epilepsy
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Asthma
  • Dizzyness
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Lethargic Behavior
  • Anger Issues
  • Hyperactivity
  • Heat Rashes
  • Cuts and Wounds
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Nausea
  • Discomfort 

Basic Guide To Introducing CBD to your Dog:

Dogs with serious conditions and needs:

  • Determine the appropriate CBD mg (milligram) for your dog.
    • Severe: 500+mg
    • Not Severe: 250mg – 300mg 
  • Start with 1 dose (3/4 of a dropper[3/4 of 1 ml] or less if a smaller dog and not so severe [ 5 drops – 1/2 of 1 ml dropper] )
  • The dog may want to drink water after the first dose to wash down the oil. Most dogs love the taste.

Dogs with rashes and skin conditions:

  • Determine the appropriate CBD mg (milligram) for your dog.
    • Severe: 500+
    • Not Severe: 250mg – 300mg
  • Apply 1 (one) ml of oil to the affected area and massage gently in. (You may mix this into a lotion or cream for your dog)
  • Measure the effect. Try not to allow the dog to lick the area to which the full spectrum oil was placed until it is in the skin. This way the most is gotten out of the oil being placed topically onto the dog’s skin.

How to tell if the CBD is helping your dog:

When administering full-spectrum hemp CBD oils to your pet, please anywhere from  30 – 60 minutes before adjusting the dose.

The oil is working if the dog:

  • is calm and relaxed
  • is focused
  • is not nauseous or dizzy
  • is able to move comfortably
  • is able to rest comfortably
  • is energetic and playful 
  • displays reduced symptoms or symptoms are no longer present

The oil is NOT working if the dog:

  • shows no change in behavior
  • shows no change in symptoms displayed
  • is lethargic
  • is dizzy & nauseous
  • is not able to eat or vomits food
  • has no improvement to rashes or they increase in severity
  • is not responsive to the cannabinoids whatsoever

NOTE: Heartland Hemp Inc. does not give medical advice, is not a licensed physician, veterinarian, or health practitioner of any kind. Heartland Hemp Inc. shares this information solely for educational purposes. Consult a trusted veterinarian with questions you may have.

If your dog is on blood thinners:

Any dogs on medication for the intended purpose to thin blood should be monitored closely when introducing CBD or full-spectrum hemp CBD oil. 

What happens to blood thinners with CBD and Full Spectrum Hemp Oil?

Cannabidiol, especially when full-spectrum is known to boost and improve regulatory systems and with additional blood flow regulation, the blood thinner will ultimately be more effective. While introducing CBD into the dog is safe, do so 1 drop at a time, per dose, and measure the effects. It is helpful to have a veterinarian monitor the effects with the appropriate equipment.

What happens when you mix dog medications with CBD or Full Spectrum Oils that contain THC?

Because this area of study is so new, it is ultimately difficult to say how the dog will react to the introduction of cannabinoids while still on medication, however, it is safe to say that we have seen medications be discontinued and replaced with CBD without any noticeable (when we say noticeable, we mean visually and to the best of our intellectual capabilities of observation, with the need of studies and case studies to be released and reported on) negative side effects. 

Puppies and CBD Hemp Oil

Start with 1 drop mixed into their 8oz water bowl in the morning and measure the effects.

Small puppies, small dogs, or basically one of the cutest little best friends full of love, fur, and adorableness you could ask for, can be in need of assistance. It is hard to think that small animals may need help with their health, but just the same as humans, dogs with birth defects, diseases, and deficiencies are all too common, and CBD is becoming a popular option for many families. So when do you make the decision that your small puppy could possibly benefit from the introduction of CBD oils? If you find that you are needing to make purchases on pills, medications, treatments, etc. for your puppy at an early age outside of vaccinations and regular check-ups, you may want to consider introducing cannabinoids into your puppies diet. So how do you do this safely? It can be tricky to be sure because puppies are delicate creatures that will be more sensitive.

Introducing CBD to a puppy is easy, start with 1 drop mixed into their 8oz water bowl in the morning, and measure the effects. Do not exceed 1 drop unless you see no difference in behavior. Only increase 1 drop at a time. 

Diluting the CBD oil is important because a small dog has a much smaller pathway that needs to be traveled.

Diluting the CBD oil is important because a small dog has a much smaller pathway that needs to be traveled, overwhelming the puppy’s endocannabinoid system, and you will likely have to deal with some diarrhea and a very sleepy dog. Outside of the sleepiness and laxative effects, it remains uncertain as to what will happen when going above and beyond the typical maximum extent of 1 serving of 0.5mg of CBD for a small dog that does not have any severe health issues.

Canine Anatomy

The human digestive system is much more complex than that of a dog. The illustrated anatomy of this dog shows the overall look at how the dog works internally.

Introducing CBD Orally

The most effective way for anyone to take CBD is orally, unless the relief you are seeking will come from something like a lotion, cream, shampoo, or conditioner that is infused with CBD and Hemp. 

When ingested orally, given as food, drink, or straight as the oil (recommended), the dog will be able to digest the liquids and allow quick distribution of the cannabinoids throughout the dog’s body. Once the oil is inside, the enzymes that control the distribution of cannabinoids in the dogs body will react and distribute the cannabinoids CBD, CBN, CBC, CBG, THC, and others evenly throughout the dogs body. 

Canine Skin Disorders

In the picture, you see a bad looking rash with spots and clear irritation and inflammation to the skin and is likely even warm or hot to the touch. 

Introducing CBDTopically

Using oils that are able to be applied topically can be one of the best ways to deal with skin rashes on dog skin and fur. 

Apply the CBD onto the afflicted area where the rash is, and spread it as evenly and thoroughly as possible. Try your best not to allow your dog to lick or nip at the area that the oil is applied too, as you want the most possible saturation of the oil into the skin. 

It is suggested that you start with 1 milliliter of oil and apply it either directly onto the skin, or with a recommended and vet-approved lotion or cream. 

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